7 - Earth Processes for Educators / Teachers

Current students - This page is for teachers. No tests are posted on these pages. 

Nebraska state standards assessed in this Module:

  • Inquiry, the Nature of Science, and Technology
    • SC12.1.1.a Formulate a testable hypothesis supported by prior knowledge to guide an investigation
    • SC12.1.1.b Design and conduct logical and sequential scientific investigations with repeated trials and apply findings to new investigations
    • SC12.1.1.c Identify and manage variables and constraints
    • SC12.1.1.d Select and use lab equipment and technology appropriately and accurately
    • SC12.1.1.e Use tools and technology to make detailed qualitative and quantitative observations
    • SC12.1.1.f Represent and review collected data in a systematic, accurate, and objective manner
    • SC12.1.1.g Analyze and interpret data, synthesize ideas, formulate and evaluate models, and clarify concepts and explanations
    • SC12.1.1.h Use results to verify or refute a hypothesis
    • SC12.1.1.i Propose and/or evaluate possible revisions and alternate explanations
    • SC12.1.1.j Share information, procedures, results, conclusions, and defend findings to a scientific community (peers, science fair audience, policy makers)
    • SC12.1.1.k Evaluate scientific investigations and offer revisions and new ideas as appropriate
    • SC12.1.1.l Use appropriate mathematics in all aspects of scientific inquiry
    • SC12.1.2.a Recognize that scientific explanations must be open to questions, possible modifications, and must be based upon historical and current scientific knowledge
    • SC12.1.2.b Describe how society influences the work of scientists and how science, technology, and current scientific discoveries influence and change society
    • SC12.1.2.c Recognize that the work of science results in incremental advances, almost always building on prior knowledge, in our understanding of the world
    • SC12.1.2.d Research and describe the difficulties experienced by scientific innovators who had to overcome commonly held beliefs of their times to reach conclusions that we now take for granted
    • SC12.1.3.a Propose designs and choose between alternative solutions of a problem (Applied this Module "Design a Parachute")
    • SC12.1.3.b Assess the limits of a technical design (Applied this Module "Design a Parachute")
    • SC12.1.3.c Implement the selected solutionSC12.1.3.d Evaluate the solution and its consequences (Applied this Module "Design a Parachute")
    • SC12.1.3.e Communicate the problem, process, and solution (Applied this Module "Design a Parachute")
    • SC12.1.3.f Compare and contrast the reasons for the pursuit of science and the pursuit of technology.
    • SC12.1.3.g Explain how science advances with the introduction of new technology
    • SC12.1.3.h Recognize creativity, imagination, and a good knowledge base are all needed to advance the work of science and engineering
  • Earth Science
    • SC12.4.2.b Describe how heat convection in the mantle propels the plates comprising Earth’s surface across the face of the globe (plate tectonics)
    • SC12.4.3.a Describe how radiation, conduction, and convection transfer heat in Earth’s systems
    • SC12.4.3.b Identify internal and external sources of heat energy in Earth’s systems


Next Generation Science Standards assessed in this Module:

  • Earth's Place in the Universe
    • HS-ESS1-5. Evaluate evidence of the past and current movements of continental and oceanic crust and the theory of plate tectonics to explain the ages of crustal rocks.
  • Earth's Systems
    • HS-ESS2-3. Develop a model based on evidence of Earth’s interior to describe the cycling of matter by thermal convection.