Performance Expectation(s)

  • Student will be able to analyze how the energy from fusion forms the structure, and observable parts, of the Sun

Unit Prints

Unit Outline

Class Openers and Hooks

Documentaries


Recordings for learning Concepts

4A - Solar Formation & Processes

  • Watch on: YouTube - Google Drive
  • Concepts
    • Nebula - Clouds of gas that provides the matter for Stars
    • Protostar - Glowing due to friction and radiation
    • Fusion - Forcing elements together to make new ones and release energy
    • Hydrogen Fusion - 4 Hydrogens fuse together to make a Helium, energy, and a neutrino
  • Summary Questions / Tasks
    • Diagram, Label and Explain the process of Hydrogen Fusion, include why Hydrogen Fusion is still the dominant (happening the most) form of fusion in the Universe.

4B - Parts of the Sun

  • Watch on: YouTube - Google Drive
  • Concepts
    • Plasma - Energy makes a soup of Nuclei & Electrons
    • Core - Where the Sun’s fusion happens
    • Radiative Zone - Energy bouncing between dense plasma
    • Convective Zone - Energy boiling the plasma on the Sun
    • Photosphere - The ‘surface’ of the Sun
    • Chromosphere - Lower atmosphere of the Sun
    • Corona - High energy plasma (matter) leaves the Sun
  • Summary Questions / Tasks
    • Diagram, Label and Explain (using a flowchart) how energy starts in the core of the Sun and moves outwards towards empty space (must use the terms: [Corona, Convection Zone, Photosphere, Chromosphere, Radiative Zone, and Core] in the correct order)

4C - Solar Weather

  • Watch on: YouTube - Google Drive
  • Concepts
    • Sunspots - A darker ‘cooler’ patch on the Sun
    • Magnetic Fields - Lines of force between Sunspots
    • Coronal Loop (Prominence) - Plasma sucked up into the magnetic field
    • Coronal Mass Ejections - Magnetic loop (Prominence) breaks, releasing matter/energy
    • Solar Cycles - 11-year change in the Sun’s activity
  • Summary Questions / Tasks

Diagram, Label and Explain (using a flowchart) how a CME is produced by Sunspots and Magnetic Fields

4D - Solar Wind & Auroras

  • Watch on: YouTube - Google Drive
  • Concepts
    • Solar Wind - Charged particles streaming from the Sun
    • Magnetosphere (of Earth) - Shielding the Earth from the Solar Wind
    • Aurora Borealis - Magnetosphere gets charged and releases energy (light)
    • Future of the Sun / Earth - The Sun will expand and torch the Earth
  • Summary Questions / Tasks
    • Diagram, Label and Explain (using a flowchart) how energy moves through space and interacts with the Earth’s Magnetosphere to make Aurora

Activities, Labs & Project Instructions