Performance Expectation(s)

  • Student will be able to compare the Phases of the Moon and how they relate to the position of the Earth/Moon/Sun System
  • Student will be able to explain the positions of the Earth/Moon/Sun for Eclipses

Unit Prints

Unit Outline

  • Notes: 5A - Formation of the Moon
      • Activity: A5-1 - Moon on a Stick
  • Notes: 5B - Reflections of Light
  • Notes: 5C - Lunar Phases
  • Notes: 5D - Lunar Features
      • Lab: L5-2 - Photo-geologic Mapping of the Moon
  • Notes: 5E - Eclipses
      • Activity: A5-1 - Eclipsing Your Friends
  • Notes: 5F - Tides

Class Openers and Hooks

Recordings for learning Concepts

5A - Formation of the Moon

  • Watch on: YouTube - Google Drive
  • Concepts
    • Giant Impact Hypothesis - A proto-planet named Theia collided with the early Earth
    • Late Heavy Bombardment - Disturbances in outer solar system flung rocks and create lava fields
    • Current Moon - Impacts (craters) on top of lots of other impacts (craters)
    • Tidal Locking / Synchronous Rotation - Energy transfer keeps one side of the Moon facing Earth
  • Summary Questions / Tasks
    • Draw, Label and Explain a Diagram of how the Moon formed (Theia, Earth’s Orbit)
    • Draw, Label and Explain a Diagram of why the Moon always faces the Earth (Tidal Locking, Synchronous Rotation)

5B - Reflections of Light

  • Watch on: YouTube - Google Drive
  • Concepts
    • Sunlight Reflection - Shadows are only on one side of objects in space
    • Sidereal vs Synodic (motion) - The Moon is orbiting the Earth and the Sun at the same time
    • Lunar Phases - Position of the Moon around the Earth changes the reflected light we see from our frame of reference
  • Summary Questions / Tasks
    • Write ‘none’ on the middle of the page. This summary idea will be covered through a project

5C - Lunar Phases

  • Watch on: YouTube - Google Drive
  • Concepts
    • New Moon - Seeing only the shadowed or dark part of the Moon
    • Full Moon - Seeing the part of the Moon that is in full Sunlight
    • Crescent Moon - Less than half full
    • Gibbous Moon - More than half full
    • Waxing Moon - Becoming more visible daily
    • Waning Moon - Becoming less visible daily
    • Tying Moon Phases Together (Lunar Cycle) - Moon cycle from New Moon to New Moon
  • Summary Questions / Tasks
    • Write ‘none’ on the middle of the page. This summary idea will be covered through a project
Link to Project - Moon Phase Chart Model PDF
Image Credit: None

Project - Moon Phase Chart Modelling

  • Student Instructions
    • Part 1: Research (10 Minutes)
    • Part 2: Modelling (35 Minutes)
    • Part 3: Modelling (35 Minutes)

5D - Lunar Features

  • Watch on: YouTube - Google Drive
  • Concepts
    • Maria - Fast cooling lava fields, dark parts of the Moon (Old)
    • Highlands ( Mountains ) - Slowly cooled reflective rock, light parts of the Moon (Newer)
    • Tycho Brahe - Most observable crater on the southern part of the Moon
    • Changing Moon - Continuous bombardment changes the Moon’s surface
  • Summary Questions / Tasks

5E - Eclipses

  • Watch on: YouTube - Google Drive
  • Concepts
    • Eclipses - The Moon or Earth cast shadows on each other
    • Lunar Eclipse - Earth's shadow falling on the Moon
    • Solar Eclipse - Moon's shadow falling on the Earth
    • The Moon’s Inclination - The Moon is inclined 5° to the Ecliptic, why Eclipses don’t happen every month
  • Summary Questions / Tasks
    • Draw, Label and Explain a Diagram of a Total Eclipse vs a Partial Eclipse for either Solar or Lunar Eclipses.(Not in order: Umbra [primary shadow], Penumbra [secondary shadow], and the locations of the Moon vs the Earth)

5F - Tides

  • Watch on: YouTube - Google Drive
  • Concepts
    • Tides - Rise and fall of Earth's ocean due to the gravity of the Moon/Sun
    • Tidal Bulges - High tide towards Moon and away from Moon, goes around the Earth 2x each day
    • Spring Tides - Moon & Sun gravity acting together, large tides
    • Neap Tides - Moon & Sun gravity acting at 90° to each other, small tides
    • Tidal Cycles - Semi-diurnal (twice daily) High Tides
  • Summary Questions / Tasks

Draw, Label and Explain a Diagram that shows how and where tides form.

(Not in order: Earth / Moon position, tidal bulge, tidal bulge)


Activities, Labs & Project Instructions

Activities

Short (usually teacher led) requiring pre- and post- reflection.
  • Moon on a Stick
  • Apollo 13 (1998) Video Guide

Labs

Explorations requiring a Hypothesis and use of the Scientific Method.
  • Analyzing Craters on the Moon

Projects

Emphasizing design, analysis and Engineering.
  • Apollo Mission Timeline